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The coffee branch comes originally from Africa, from the Kaffa region in Ethiopia to be precisely. From Arabic legends we learn that the first stories about coffee date back from 800 bc. In the 17th century the coffee is introduced in Europe via Turkey. Thanks to International trading a century later coffee is widely accepted.

In Venice of the 17th century thereís a large scale trading of exotic products form Asian and Arabic countries. Itís here that around 1640 the first coffee shop starts. Then things start to happen fast, Oxford, London, Marseille and other capitols follow. In the next hundred years more then two hundred coffee shops open their doors.

In The Netherlands coffee shops grow rapidly. Especially in Amsterdam midst 1700 youíll find a large number of successful coffee shops in the Exchange and Dam square area. Its here were merchants, students and officials meet. With the arrival of Italians in The Netherlands the quality of these establishments rises.

In these periods there are two ways of preparing coffee.

  1. Pour the hot water on top of the grinded coffee
  2. Boil the water together with the grinded coffee

At this point coffee is not filtered at all. Not until 1908 when the German housewife Melita develops a paper filter in a metal holster.

Coffee then did not have the strong taste it has nowadays. Also the way of preparing coffee takes much more time. Itís then when the Italian Pavone invents the espresso machine which puts an end to the slow way of making coffee. Using boiling hot water creates the problem of burned coffee and thus loss of taste. Francesco Illy replaces in 1935 the steam by pressurized hot air. The way to the automatic espresso machines is now paved.

In the í60 espresso bars conquer the larger cities in The Netherlands with Italian waitressesí adding to this Italian atmosphere. This new formula picks up and slowly the espresso machines find their way into the restaurants. Today almost 30 percent of the served coffee is espresso.

Tropisch bruin! - CupOfCoffee.nl - CupOfCoffee